This is not the kind of action that is appropriate for one who professes, as you do, to be following the course of virtue. Socrates responds briefly to each of these reasons, but concludes that his most pressing responsibility is to do what is right, so the question really comes down not to what is advantageous or what would please his friends or family, but to what is right.
The arguments advanced by Crito have not convinced him that he should escape from prison, and he proceeds to set forth the reasons for rejecting them. But it is always wrong to disobey the state.
Although he was well known during his own time for his conversational skills and public teaching, Socrates wrote nothing, so we are dependent upon his students especially Xenophon and Plato for any detailed knowledge of his methods and results.
With regard to the rightness of an escape from prison, the situation is analogous to that of one who is being trained in gymnastics or one who is physically ill. Socrates is convinced they are wrong A discussion of the ideas of socrates and crito holding that opinion, and he proceeds at some length to set forth his reasons for rejecting the view that they have presented.
Who really wins will remain unclear. Even after he has been convicted by the jury, Socrates declines to abandon his pursuit of the truth in all matters.
But Socrates dismisses these considerations as irrelevant to a decision about what action is truly right. He holds that it is not life but a good life that is to be valued above everything else. But if both the people and the Laws have ruled that Socrates must be executed, either the people are siding with the Laws or the Laws are siding with the people.
Socrates has had seventy years for reflection, and in all this time he has not left the city in search of a different place to live. Escaping now would permit Socrates to fulfil his personal obligations in life.
On a more ethical level, Crito presents two more pressing arguments: Still, Socrates is not convinced that he should escape from prison or that it would be morally right for him to attempt any such action.
He has had seventy years to think it over, and during this time he was free to leave the city and go to any of those places that he praised for their good government, but instead of doing this, he chose to remain in our city and to abide by its laws.
Are we not right in saying that you agreed to be governed according to us in deed, and not in word only? Ultimately, it seems that it is better to accord oneself with the Laws than to side against the people. The question was whether or not one is morally obligated to obey laws that are believed to be unjust.
If, on the other hand, the gods love right actions only because they are already right, then there must be some non-divine source of valueswhich we might come to know independently of their love.
If these offers of assistance are not sufficient to persuade Socrates to attempt an escape from prison, Crito presents some additional reasons in support of what he has been urging him to do. Crito has friends in Thessaly, and Socrates could live among them in peace, with no fears that the inhabitants of that place would ever cause him any trouble.
If they do abide by it, they must admit that it would be wrong for Socrates to heed the advice of Crito by trying to escape from prison. Socrates asks Crito to consider for a moment what the officials of the government might say to him under the existing circumstances.
But what about the second premise, the claim that it is always wrong for an individual to disobey the state? Under these circumstances, would it be wrong for Socrates to escape from prison in violation of the law that had placed him there?
It can be right if it is based on actual facts and what can logically be inferred from them. If right actions are pious only because the gods love them, then moral rightness is entirely arbitrary, depending only on the whims of the gods. The contract will have three main elements.
It was his conviction that the element in each individual in which wickedness and righteousness have their seat is far more precious than the physical body.
As for the informers, they are far from being exorbitant in their demands, and a little money will satisfy them.
Both Socrates and Crito have admitted on previous occasions that one should never intentionally do what is wrong, and now they must decide if they are to abide by that principle or depart from it.
Crito is wrong in allowing the opinion of the many to influence his judgment. Of course Crito and the others know their teacher well, and they come prepared to argue the merits of their plan. The calm and quiet manner with which Socrates accepts his fate astonishes his visitor, but it is only one more illustration of the extent to which Socrates has achieved control of his feelings and emotions.
Plato was at this time too young to have been under the same or equal obligation to the state inasmuch as he had not received as much from it. Socrates chose to honor his commitment to truth and morality even though it cost him his life. Socrates states that if such is the will of God, he is willing to die.
On the other hand, if he goes forth returning evil for evil, and injury for injury, breaking the covenants and agreements he has made, the citizens of the state, including his own friends, will despise him and look upon him as an enemy who has done his best to destroy them.
It is the committing of an evil act that should be feared rather than having to die.The Crito's distinguished reputation rests largely on the idea of the social contract that Socrates introduces.
It is the first suggestion in Western civilization that a legal system exists as a result of a kind of contract between the individual and the state, and this idea.
Socrates answers first that one should not worry about public opinion, but only listen to wise and expert advice. Crito should not worry about how his, Socrates', or others' reputations may fare in the general esteem: they should only concern themselves with behaving well.
The most interesting and influential thinker in the fifth century was Socrates, Refusing to accept exile from Athens or a commitment to silence as his penalty, he maintains that public discussion of the great issues of life and virtue is a necessary part of any valuable human life.
Of course Crito and the others know their teacher well. Discussion Questions On Civil Disobedience. One of the issues explored in The Crito is what we today refer to as civil disobedience. It is probably called "civil" because it entails the deliberate disobeying of civil laws (i.e., not other kinds of laws, such as natural laws, physical laws, moral laws, etc.), and sometimes the violation of those laws is done in a civil or non-violent manner.
Crito Quotes. Want to Read saving “Socrates: But why, my dear Crito, should we care about the opinion of the many?” ― Plato, Crito. 1 likes. Like “For he who is a corrupter of the laws is more than likely to be a corrupter of the young and foolish portion of mankind.”.
In the first part of the dialogue we meet the characters (Socrates, Crito) and we learn about Socrates’ situation: according to the news brought by Crito and Socrates’ dream, the day of execution is approaching, it will take place within 2 or 3 days.Download